What does the EU do for its citizens ?

The European Parliament (EP) ...

  • Is the only EU institution directly elected by citizens;
  • Represents around 512 million people in the 28 EU Member States;
  • Is currently made up of 751 Members (six of whom represent Luxembourg), who form themselves into multinational political groups according to the general political line that they favour;
  • Is renewed every five years. The next European elections will be held from 24 to 26 May 2019 (but only on 26 May 2019 in Luxembourg).

The European Parliament meets in Strasbourg. It also works in Brussels and Luxembourg.

The President directs all the work of the European Parliament and its bodies, particularly plenary sittings and meetings of its decision-making bodies such as the Bureau and the Conference of Presidents. The current president is Antonio Tajani.

The European Parliament’s main tasks are as follows:

  • Legislation: The European Commission submits proposals for laws. The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (Council) adopt or reject the proposals.
  • Powers of democratic scrutiny: The European Commission and the Council also regularly have to report to Parliament on what they have done. If Parliament is not satisfied with the Commission’s work, it may withdraw its confidence in the Commission and even force it to resign.
  • Budgetary powers: The European Parliament adopts the European Union’s budget jointly with the Council.

By voting, you will therefore help to determine the direction Europe will take.

The European Parliament: Specific examples

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